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The NDSS is administered by Diabetes Australia
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FAQS for type 1 diabetes

Why have I got type 1 diabetes?

We don’t yet know the exact cause of type 1 diabetes but we do know it has a strong family link. However it can only occur when something, like an infection triggers the immune system to destroy the insulin-making cells in the pancreas. While the cause of type 1 diabetes has nothing to do with lifestyle, a healthy lifestyle is very important to manage diabetes.

Can type 1 diabetes be prevented or cured?

There is a great deal of research happening around the world, but at this stage nothing can prevent or cure type 1 diabetes.

Why do hypos happen?

Hypos can happen for any of the following reasons:

  • after physical activity
  • being late eating a meal or snack
  • not eating enough carbohydrates
  • too much insulin
  • some infections
  • drinking alcohol.

Read more in our fact sheet Managing hypoglycaemia.

How can I prevent a hypo?

You can’t always prevent a hypo, but there are some things you can do to reduce the chances of it happening, such as:

  • eating regularly
  • taking your insulin at the right time and dosage
  • adjusting the amount of insulin and food depending on how much physical activity you are getting
  • eating more carbohydrates if you are going to drink alcohol
  • not injecting in the same place all the time.

Why do hypers happen?

Hypers can happen for any of the following reasons:

  • not enough insulin
  • forgetting to take insulin
  • less physical activity than usual
  • eating more than usual
  • stress
  • some infections
  • very hot weather.