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Young people: what is diabetes?

Diabetes occurs when the pancreas can not make insulin, or when there is not enough insulin, and/or the insulin produced does not work effectively.

Read more about diabetes.

Here’s what happens when glucose (sugar) from the food we eat is converted into energy:
Your body makes glucose for its energy source
Source = carbohydrates Found in: potatoes, corn, bread, pasta, rice, fruit and milk
Glucose is carried around your body through the bloodstream
Glucose goes into the body’s tissues to fuel the different cells. Glucose is stored in your liver.
Insulin is used to transfer glucose from the blood to the body cells
Insulin = hormone made by the pancreas Process is called glucose metabolism
Diabetes = when pancreas can’t make any or makes insufficient insulin
No insulin = no glucose transferred to body cells Glucose builds up in blood leading to high blood glucose levels and health problems

In type 1 diabetes, the pancreas stops making insulin. Overview of the pancreas (person without diabetes and person with type 1 diabetes).

In type 2 diabetes, the pancreas makes some insulin but it’s not working as well as it used to. Overview of the pancreas (person without diabetes and person with type 2 diabetes).

Just been diagnosed with diabetes?

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