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Gestational diabetes in young women

Gestational diabetes (sometimes referred to as GDM) is diagnosed when higher than average blood glucose levels first appear during pregnancy. From 3% to 8% of pregnant women will develop gestational diabetes around the 24th to 28th week of pregnancy. However, some women may develop it earlier.

While blood glucose levels usually return to healthy levels after the birth of the baby, there is an increased risk for type 2 diabetes in the mother in the future. The risk of getting gestational diabetes increases with a family history of type 2 diabetes and you are overweight. Risk is also increased in those from an Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander background or an Indian, Vietnamese, Chinese, Middle Eastern or Polynesian/Melanesian background.

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