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The NDSS is administered by Diabetes Australia
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Managing your gestational diabetes

Every person with gestational diabetes will have their own individual management program. It’s important for you to know your diabetes and how to recognise the symptoms of something not being right. Learn to trust your instincts.

If you feel that your management program is not working, go and speak to your doctor or diabetes educator. There may be other ways of managing it that may suit you better.

Managing your diabetes

The best way to manage gestational diabetes is through healthy eating and physical activity. You will need to monitor your blood glucose levels and you may need insulin injections to keep your levels within a specified target range. Diabetes tablets aren’t given during pregnancy.

Healthy eating

Try to eat as well as you can during your pregnancy, concentrating on foods that are:

  • high in calcium, iron and folic acid
  • low in fat
  • moderate in carbohydrates (e.g. cereals, pasta, rice and fruit)

Physical activity

You should maintain physical activity as it is good both for your diabetes and for preparing your body for the birth. Low impact activity, such as walking and swimming are great.

Management and treatment

Gestational diabetes is usually initially managed by following a healthy diet and eating plan, physical activity and monitoring blood glucose levels regularly (as frequently as directed by your health professional).

An aim of diabetes management is to keep blood glucose levels (BGLs) within a specified target range—between 4 to 6 mmol/L (fasting).

Keeping blood glucose levels in these ranges will help prevent both short-term and long-term complications.

Read more in our fact sheet Understanding gestational diabetes.