Type 2

The following information is of a general nature only and should not be substituted for medical advice or used to alter medical therapy. It does not replace consultations with qualified healthcare professionals to meet your individual medical needs.

What is Type 2 Diabetes?

In type 2 diabetes, the pancreas makes some insulin but it is not produced in the amount your body needs and it does not work effectively.

Type 2 diabetes results from a combination of genetic and environmental factors. Although there is a strong genetic predisposition, the risk is greatly increased when associated with lifestyle factors such as high blood pressure, being overweight or obese, insufficient physical activity, poor diet and the classic ‘apple shape’ body where extra weight is carried around the waist.

Managing Type 2 Diabetes

Type 2 diabetes can often initially be managed with healthy eating and regular physical activity. However, over time most people with type 2 diabetes will also need tablets and many will also need insulin. It is important to note that this is just the natural progression of the disease, and taking tablets or insulin as soon as they are required can result in fewer complications in the long-term.

Additional Information

You can find out more about overall health management for people with type 2 diabetes in our Health Management section. This includes information on eye health, foot health, pregnancy, depression and more.

You can find resources for older people with diabetes, health and wellbeing, and pregnancy under the Publications & Resources section.

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